What are the causes of Hair fall?

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

What should I eat everyday to be healthy?

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

Dengue fever: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

Typhoid Fever: Symptoms, treatment, causes, and prevention

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

What are the main causes of kidney stones?

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

Friday, 27 July 2018

Why do you get acne on your face?


WHY DO YOU GET ACNE ON YOUR FACE?



Hi myself Dr. Amin Bayad. I write health and fitness related article in simple and easy way to understand. So without any waste of time today topic is most common problem in teenager is that acne. Here is the answer for the question of why do you get acne on your face?


Definition: - Acne is a disease of hair follicle which is inflamed and painful mainly found on face, chest and back.


It is most common disease of teenager during puberty because sebaceous gland is more active during puberty. You can say that when hormonal changes occur in our body
Types of acne: - Whiteheads, Blackheads, Pimples, Cyst and Nodule


PATHOPHYSIOLOGY


There are lots of glands are present in our body. In which sebaceous gland are present in face. Sebaceous glands of face produce liquid called sebum. Sebum is vehicle for the dead skin through follicle to the surface of skin
If there is any blockage in hair follicle than skin cell, sebum and hair can clump together in to pug and this pug get inflamed with bacteria and pimple start to develop.

CAUSE/FACTOR


There are many factors that cause acne some are listed below.
1.      FOOD: - Food is one of the most common factors to develop acne. Such as an oily, spicy food(bread, chips etc.) and junk food are one of the factor for developing acne

Recent studied show that high-carbohydrate, milk, pure chocolate are aggravates acne.

2.      STRESS: - Stress is direct or indirect cause acne

3.      Hereditary: - If your parent was suffered from acne in sever form than your acne are more difficult to control.   

4.      Pressure: - Pressure from chin, strep, collar, helmet can aggravates acne

5.      Drug: - Due to some medication acne are difficult to cure , such drug as iodise, bromides, and such type of steroids

6.      Cosmetic: -  Such cosmetics who has list water base can aggravates acne

7.      Hormones: - During puberty hormone is increase. Androgen is one of the most common hormone that has directly effect on acne. Androgen is increase in boy and girls during puberty

Due to high concentration of androgen the sebaceous glands enlarge and can easily infected and produce pimple. Low amount of androgen can also aggravates acne


SING AND SYMPTOMS


·        LARGE PAINFUL LUMP WHICH IS FILLED WITH PUS AS SEEN IN IMAGE
·        MAY PRODUCE FEVER IN SOME CASE.


TREATMENT


There are lots of products available for treatment of acne person use according to their skin type but they can reappear any time. So I give you some advice to control it by slightly alter your lifestyle.
1.      Never ever pick or squeeze pimple
2.      8 hours sound sleep
3.      Plenty of water
4.      3 healthy meal( please avoid oily and spicy food)
5.      Cleaning skin
Washing once or twice a day with cleanser keeps skin clean

Mild scrub: - Can be used with gentle massage. Most of the scrubs contain salicylic acid. Salicylic acid is peeling agent so they help to remove outer layer of skin, so they open skin pores.

6.      Antibiotics cleanser: - antibiotics cleanser is mainly form of gel, lotion, or cream.
Gel applied over affected part and kills the surface bacteria.
Warning : - Anti bacterial cleanser contain benzoyl peroxide can cause red scaly skin and irritation in some person so use with advice given by physician

So this is the answer for why do you get acne on your face. If you like my work please follow me and let me know in the comment. If you want online consultation for any disease gives comment on this page and I will respond you. Bye bye.  








Sunday, 22 July 2018

What are the health benefits of drinking warm water?


What are the health benefits of drinking warm water?


Hello friends, in this blog we discuss about the health benefit of drinking warm water especially in morning. As traditional way all over the world our morning is start with fresh hot coffee or tea according to region. Considering water our mind is set that we consume water as cold. Besides this you also here about consuming warm water in the morning have many more health benefits and according to Ayurveda warm water itself is medicine for many diseases. Regular intakes of warm water have benefits of increase immunity, weight loss; improve digestion, any many more we discuss in this blog.

Most of the physicians recommend warm water in morning with empty stomach that has lots of benefits to our body. Without any waste of time we discuss about health benefits of drinking warm water as below.

Health benefits


1.      Improve digestion: - when we consume warm water on daily basis that’s leads to sooth and activate our digestive tract. Water moves through whole digestive tract and make whole tract hydrate so because of hydrate intestine able to eliminate the waste product from body in short its help to detoxification in our body.
If person has chronic constipation warm water will help a lots to reduce strength to the intestine for defecation and also improve peristaltic movement.

2.      Weight loss: - Warm water help in weight loss itself is big topic we will discuss in separate blog in future.

3.      Detoxification: - detoxification means the processes of removing toxins substance from body. some research have proven that consuming warm water can increase the temperature of body and that’s leads to sweating so because of sweating toxin substance remove from skins pore. So that’s why warm water help in body detoxification.

4.      Circulation: - warm water increase the body temperature that’s leads to expand blood vessels and improved circulation. Some research say that warm water can reduce a pain in some level because of increase circulation due to expand of blood vessels blood flow increase to particular pain area and increase of blood flow leads to muscle relax and decreasing pain.

5.      Stress: - A warm water may help to fight with stress. Studies also find that hot liquid such as tea and coffee can lower the stress and reduce feeling of anxiety. There is some argue are going on that hot liquid reduce stress because of caffeine but warmth also played role in improved mood.

6.      Fights colds: - when we have fever with shiver(shake slightly and uncontrollably as a result of being cold)  physician suggest a warm water. Warm water heat our body and increase the temperature so that we can fight with shivering.

7.      Skin: - Acne is problem for female as well as male because of selfie ( just kidding )
Warm water can help body hydrate and warm because of this it’s improved circulation and give you fair skin. Warm water deep cleanses your body and eliminates the root cause of infection (acne).

8.      Congestion: - consuming warm water during nasal congestion can relive the accumulation of cough in throat and relive symptoms of congestion. Warm water dissolve the thick cough and eliminate them easily from your respiratory tract so that you can relief from sore throat.
  
9.      Menstrual pain: - warm water has calming and soothing effect on abdominal muscle which can cure the crams and spasm and relive the pain during menstrual.

10.   Hair: - Yes warm water also good for healthy and shiny hair. Warm water energizes and activates the nerve ending of hair. Warm water also promotes regular activity of hair roots and that’s why warm water accelerates the hair growth. Warm water keeps your scalp hydrate and prevents hair dandruff.

              


So this are benefits we can get from warm water on daily routine basis. If you like my work please follow for more health fitness related topic. Any suggestion please let me know in the comment.
DR. AMIN I BAYAD
(BHMS)



Thursday, 19 July 2018

What is the early sing and symptoms of breast cancer?


What is the early sing and symptoms of BREAST CANCER?

Definition:-  When cells of the breast begin to grow out of control , these cells usually form a tumor that can often seen on x-ray or felt as lump.  The tumor is malignant if the cell can spread in to surrounding tissue or spread to distal organ of body.  

First you should know the anatomy of breast as seen on image below.

As you know our motto of this blog is to understand in easy way so I don’t make this blog boring as other have lots of information and lots of pages, charts etc. etc.  about breast cancer. I make it in simple way to understand.

In India we have now increasing numbers of patient of breast cancer day by day especially in younger age group. The reason behind this increasing breast cancer patient is lack of awareness. In rural area there is more number of case of breast cancer than urban because of lack of information regarding the cancer. As you know in rural area patient come when there is any symptoms they find or any abnormal changes occur in breast than they consult the physician (stage 2 or 3)

So lack of awareness of breast cancer that’s leads to increase number of breast cancer in young women. In this blog you can help to other women to aware about breast cancer and how to self-examination of breast or to detect about any abnormalities found in breast

What are the risk Factor for breast cancer ?


Age: - The risk for breast cancer is increase with age. Most breast cancer are diagnose after 50 years of age

Genetics: - women who have inherited changes are more likely to develop breast cancer and ovarian cancer.

Early menstrual period: - women who start their period before the age of 12 are exposed to hormone longer, raising the risk of breast cancer in small amount.

Late or no pregnancy: - having the 1st pregnancy after the age of 30 and never having full term pregnancy have more chance to devolve breast cancer.

Starting  menopause after age 55: - Like starting menses early, being exposed to oestrogen hormone for longer time in life also raises the risk of breast cancer.

Not being physically active: - women are not physically active have higher risk of breast cancer.

Being overweight: - older women who are higher weight or obese are more risk devolving breast cancer than a normal weight.

Tacking contraceptive pills: - certain forms of contraceptive pills have been found to raise breast cancer risk.

Family history of breast cancer: - the risk of breast cancer is higher if her mother sister or daughter has history of breast cancer.

Drinking alcohol: - studies show  that the women’s breast cancer are increase if she take more alcohol regularly.

Now we discuss about how to self examine or to detect any abnormalities in breast

There are five step

Step 1: - Begin by looking at your breast in mirror with your shoulders up straights and your arm on your hips.
Now look closely for breast that is the usual size shape and colour. Breast is evenly shape without any distortion or swelling.


If you see any of the following changes consult your physician
1.     Dimpling, puckering, or bulging of skin
2.     A nipple that has change position or inverted nipple
3.     Redness, soreness, rash and swelling

Step 2: - Now raise your arm and look for the shame changes

Step 3: - While you’re at mirror, look for any sing of fluid coming out of nipple.


Step 4: - Next, feel your breast while lying down, using your right hand to feel your left breast and than feel your right breast with help of left hand. Use firm, smooth touch with the 1st few fingers pads of your hands, keeping fingers flat and together. Use circular motion, about the size of quarter.
Follow the pattern to cover the whole breast. You can begging with nipple moving the larger and larger until you reach outer border of breast. Find any lump or swelling in breast with hand pressure according to tissue.

Step 5: - Finally, feel your breasts while you are standing or sitting. Many women find that the easiest way to feel their breasts is when their skin is wet and slippery, so they like to do this step in the shower. Cover your entire breast, using the same hand movements described in step 4.


If you find any abnormalities than consult your physician. Further investigation and treatment are according to stage of cancer. if you have any question do let me know in the comment and please follow my blog for health related topic in easy and simple way to understand. 
Dr. Amin I Bayad
(BHMS)





Thursday, 12 July 2018

MEASLES : CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND TREATMENT


MEASLES

DEFINATION: - Measles is highly contagious acute respiratory viral disease with a characteristic clinical picture, rash and a pathognomonic enanthem KOPLIK’S SPOT

CAUSES:-


Measles is a highly contagious illness caused by a virus that replicates in the nose and throat of an infected child or adult. Then, when someone with measles coughs, sneezes or talks, infected droplets spray into the air, where other people can inhale them.
The infected droplets may also land on a surface, where they remain active and contagious for several hours. You can contract the virus by putting your fingers in your mouth or nose or rubbing your eyes after touching the infected surface.

SYMPTOMS:-

The sing and symptoms of measles are appear around 10 to 14 days  after exposure to measles virus
·        Fever
·        Dry cough
·        Runny nose
·        Sore throat
·        Inflamed eyes (conjunctivitis)
·        Tiny white spots with bluish-white centers on a red background found inside the mouth on the inner lining of the cheek — also called Koplik's spots( as seen in picture)

·        A skin rash made up of large, flat blotches that often flow into one another

RISK FACTOR INCLUDE:-


UNVACCINATED: - If you haven’t received vaccines than you’re much more like to develop a disease. 
Traveling to internationally: - In developing country measles is common so if you travel to developing country than there is higher chance to catching the disease.
Vitamin A deficiency: - you are more likely to have more severed sing and symptoms if you don’t have enough vitamin A in your diet.

COMPLICATION:-


Ear Infection: - most common infection of measles is ear infection

Inflammation: - Measles may leads to inflammation of voice box(larynx)

Pneumonia: - Is common complication of measles that is some time fatal

Encephalitis: - encephalitis may occur right after measles. In about 1 into 1000 people may develop inflammation of brain.

Pregnancy problem: - If you're pregnant, you need to take special care to avoid measles because the disease can cause preterm labor, low birth weight and maternal death.

 PREVENTION: -


In 2011, 6.7 million did not receive measles vaccine in India. This could be the cause of measles outbreaks that leads to registered 29,339 measles case in India. But measles not restricted to children, adult too can develop measles.  


VACCINATION:- Routine measles vaccination for children, combined mass immunisation campaigns in country with low routine coverage, are key public strategy to reduce global measles death.


MR Vaccination program by INDIA
India, along with ten other WHO South East Asia Region member countries, have resolved to eliminate measles and control rubella/congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) by 2020. In this direction, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare has initiated measles-rubella (MR) vaccination campaign in the age group of 9 months to less than 15 years in a phased manner across the nation. The campaign aims to cover approximately 41 crore children.

The Measles-Rubella campaign is a part of global efforts to reduce illness and deaths due to measles and rubella/CRS in the country. Measles immunization directly contributes to the reduction of under-five child mortality, and in combination with rubella vaccine, it will control rubella and prevent CRS.

All children from 9 months to less than 15 years of age will be given a single shot of Measles-Rubella (MR) vaccination during the campaign. Following the campaign, MR vaccine will become a part of routine immunization and will replace measles vaccine, currently given at 9-12 months and 16-24 months of age of child.
For those children who have already received such vaccination, the campaign dose would provide additional boosting to them.


DR. AMIN I BAYAD
(BHMS)





 


Saturday, 7 July 2018

The cause and treatment of Fever


The Cause
In previous blog we discussed about FEVEF and how to detect and there symptoms in detail if you missed the blog here is link https://draminanjar.blogspot.com/2018/07/fever-simple-understanding.html

So today topic is cause 

Cause of fever is very big topic that if we discuss the one cause it can take two to three blogs to full discus about it so in this blog I take some of important causes in short and simplest way to understand

Fever can be caused by a number of factors:
·        an infection, such as throat infection, flu, chickenpox , or pneumonia
·        rheumatoid arthritis
·        some medications
·        overexposure of skin to sunlight, or sunburn
·        heat stroke, resulting either by exposure to high temperatures or prolonged strenuous exercise
·        dehydration
·        silicosis, a type of lung disease caused by long-term exposure to silica dust
·        amphetamine abuse
·        alcohol withdrawal
   

so this a cause of fever in this most common type of infection is bacterial infecrion and virus infaction. As for example viral flu cold cough ……

the

Monday, 2 July 2018

FEVER A SIMPLE UNDERSTANDING


FEVER

Definition:- Although a fever could be considered any body temperature above the normal 98.6 F (37 C), medically, a person is not considered to have a significant fever until the temperature is above 100.4 F (38.0 C). Most fever is beneficial, causes no problems, and helps the body fight off infections.
fever

So when the body temperature increase in body that’s the sing of something wrong is happening in our body. 
You can say that fever is result of immune response to foreign invader I;e  bacteria, viruses, fungi, drugs and toxins.

What are the sing and symotoms of fever ?

A fever can cause a person to feel very uncomfortable. Signs and symptoms of a fever include the following:
  • Temperature greater than 100.4 F (38 C) in adults and children
  • Shivering, shaking, and chills
  • Aching muscles and joints or other body aches
  • Headache
  • Intermittent sweats  
  • Rapid heart rate  
  • Skin flushing or hot skin
  • Feeling faint, dizzy, or lightheaded
  • Eye pain or sore eyes
  • weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • With very high temperatures (>104 F/40 C), convulsions, hallucination, or confusion is possible. Always seek medical attention for a high fever or if these symptoms occur

How to take temperature ?
Digital thermometers can be used to measure rectal, oral, or axillary (under the armpit) temperatures.

So this is small and simple understanding of fever in next blog you can see Couse and how to treat fever?

Dr. Amin I Bayad
(BHMS)