What are the causes of Hair fall?

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

What should I eat everyday to be healthy?

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

Dengue fever: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

Typhoid Fever: Symptoms, treatment, causes, and prevention

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

What are the main causes of kidney stones?

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

Saturday, 22 September 2018

Swine flu: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

SWINE FLU: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, AND TREATMENT


Good morning everyone in this blog we discuss swine flu: Causes, symptoms, and treatment as you know from the title. Swine flu outbreak comes all over the world in 2009 that may have killed more than 2, 03,000 people worldwide that are 10 times higher than the thought. The number of the deaths are much higher than expected in swine flu outbreak



Swine flu terms refer to influenza in pig so, pig transmits influenza virus to person, mainly to farmer and veterinaries and then after human to human transmission spread.

WHO declared swine flu (h1n1) pandemic over in August 2010 but it can spread during flu season like another flu virus. H1N1 is the subtype of the influenza virus. It’s also come from different subtype H1N2, H3N1, H3N2, and many more.

DEFINITION: - Swine flu is an infection caused by several types of swine influenza virus like H1N1, H1N2, H2N1, H3N1, H3N2, and H2N3. Swine flu was initially seen in human in Mexico in 2009 and rest of the history you know very well (swine flu outbreak 2009).


HOW SWINE FLU VIRUS SPREAD?

There is mainly two type of spread that occurs 1. Contact with infected pigs and 2. Is Contact with an infected human.

1 CONTACT WITH INFECTED PIGS: - Any contact with an infected pig is more common to catch virus for the people who have pigs in there farm or veterinaries.

2 CONTACT WITH INFECTED HUMANS: - If the person has swine flu virus than their family or especially for those in close contact are more like to catch swine flu virus. This always occurs in a closed group of people.


WHAT IS THE RISK FACTOR TO CATCH SWINE FLU?

  • AGE: - Over 65 years and children under 5 years
  • DISEASE: -1.The chronic disease like AIDS 2.Chronic illness such as asthma, Heart disease, Diabetes mellitus, and neuromuscular disease.
  • PREGNANT WOMEN
  • The teenager who receiving long-term aspirin therapy
  • Decrease immune system


WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF SWINE FLU?

Symptoms of swine flu are similar to other seasonal flu.
  • A SORE THROAT
  • A HEADACHE
  • FEVER
  • A COUGH
  • FEVER AND CHILLS
  • A RUNNY NOSE
  • BODY ACHES
  • WATERY RED EYE
  • TIREDNESS
  • DIARRHEOA


HOW TO DIAGNOSE SWINE FLU?

There is a similarity between seasonal and swine flu because most of the symptoms are as same as each other. Lab test is the only way to differentiate flu.

Test for the swine flu is a swab test of your nose or around the back of the throat.


HOW TO PREVENT SPREAD OF SWINE FLU?

Prevention is much more important than treatment of swine flu. There is some simple step to prevent swine flu to spread from person to person.

  1. Washing hands regularly with hand sanitizer.
  2. Don’t touch your eyes, nose, and mouth without washing hand.
  3. Avoid mass gathering when swine flu is in season.
  4. If you are a sick stay at home and take leave from work and school.
  5. Take plenty of fluid and bed rest.
  6. VACCINATION there is a vaccine for common flu which is also protect against H1N1 SWINE FLU You can get as a shot or as a nasal spray.


WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT FOR SWINE FLU?

There are mainly three antiviral drugs are available for swine flu which is oseltamivir, peramivir, and zanamivir seem to work best. Antibiotics won’t help to do anything for the treatment because the flu is caused by the virus.

Other symptomatic relief by analgesic, antipyretic, and some anti-cold are given according to symptoms.

There is some important prevention which we discuss in this blog on the section on how to prevent swine flu are also applicable for disease person to prevent further spread.

so this all about Swine flu: Causes, symptoms, and treatment if you want to add some information please let me know in the comment box below. so bye bye stay healthy stay fit. 



DR. AMIN I BAYAD
(BHMS)


   









Friday, 14 September 2018

What are the causes of Hair fall?

HAIR FALL


Good morning everyone, in this blog we discuss hair fall which is most common in man as well as women or even in children nowadays. Have you ever know that why your hairs are falling out? So in this blog, we discuss the What are the causes of Hair fall? and its treatment and how to prevent hair loss.


As you know hair grows everywhere on the skin except on the palms of our and hands and soles of our foot. Hair is made up of a protein called as keratin that is produced in hair follicle in the outer layer of skin. Most common causes for the hair fall are diet, lifestyle, and many more which we will discuss in this blog. A common type of hair fall is known as alopecia which means 100 hair falls per day.


TYPE OF HAIR FALLS


ALOPECIA ARETA: - This is the most common type of hair fall in young adult and children. Alopecia areta starts suddenly and causes patchy hair loss. This condition results in baldness

TRICHOFILLOMANIA: - This is psychological disorder in which person pull out own hair.

ANDROGENIC ALOPECIA: - This is the genetic disorder that affects both men as well as women. Men with the condition called as male pattern baldness that suffering hair loss as early as 20’s. Women with this condition called as female pattern baldness in this women experience general thinning of hair over the entire scalp, with the most extensive hair loss at the crown.

INVOLUTIONAL ALOPECIA: - This is a natural condition in which hair become thins with age. Hair follicle goes into the resting phase and remaining hair follicle become shorter and less in number.

ALOPECIA UNIVERSALIS: - In this condition hair fall from all over the body including eyebrows, eyelashes, and pubic hair.

TELOGEN ELFLUVIUM: - In this condition, there is temporary thinning of hair over the scalp that’s occurring because of changes in the growth cycle of hair. There is a large number of hairs follicle enter into the resting phase at the same time.

SCARING ALOPECIA: - In this condition, there is permanent loss of hair because of inflammatory condition such as cellulitis folliculitis acne and other skin diseases. That condition resulting in scar and destroys the ability of the hair regenerate.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF HAIR FALL?



  • GENES From parents to children
  • HORMONES Abnormal level of androgen
  • STRESS this is most common causes of hair fall
  • ILLNESS Such as inflammatory condition or fungal infection
  • PREGNANCY Because of disharmony in hormone during pregnancy
  • DRUGS Chemotherapy drug for cancer, Beta-adrenergic blocker drugs, and Birth control pill.
  • INJURIES Burn can cause temporary hair loss. In that case, normal hair growth usually returns when the injured part heals and if the scar is not present.
  • AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE may cause the alopecia in this the immune system rev up for an unknown reason and affect the hair follicle.
  • DIET As you know hair is made up of protein so low protein diet can cause the temporary hair fall.
  • MEDICAL CONDITION there are many diseases can cause hair fall such as thyroid, lupus, diabetes, iron deficiency anemia but the hair fall is temporary because when the underlying disease is treated well then the hair will return.
  • COSMETIC PRODUCT too often uses of shampoo, perms, bleaching and dying hair can contribute overall hair thinning by making hair weak and brittle.

SING AND SYMPTOMS

In Men and Women

  • Thinning of hair on the scalp
  • Resending hairline
  • In men, horse-shoe shaped pattern hair fall occurs that leaves the crown of the exposed.
  • In women general thinning especially at the crown of the head.
In Children and Young adult

  • Sudden loss of patchy of hair
  • Complete loss of all hair from the body
  • Patches of broken hair and incomplete hair loss on the scalp.

HOW CAN I PREVENT HAIR LOSS?

I give some advice which you can follow and prevent your hair loss.

CHOOSE PRODUCT WISELY  Use the shampoo that designed for your hair type, when curling your hair chose less damaging sponge roller and use a brush which less tear your hair.

GO NATURAL Leave your hair its natural curl or texture, and give time to recovers between two treatments to grow new hair follicle.

BRUSH PROPERLY using a proper brush, apply full stroke from scalp to the tips of your hair to distribute the hair nature oil. Be gentle and avoid brushing your hair when wet.

TREATMENT

DRUGS: - There are some drugs that are approved for hair fall 1. Minoxidil (Rogaine): Rogaine is available over the counter as a liquid or foam. Apply it to the scalp twice a day to grow hair and prevent hair loss. 2. Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar): This is a pill that you take daily. It’s only available with a prescription from your doctor.
Hair transplants: - The two most popular hair transplant procedures are follicular unit transplantation and follicular unit extraction but both surgeries are very expensive.

  1. Follicular unit transplantation (FUT): FUT is the more “classic” method. It involves removing some skin from the back of your scalp, where there is an abundance of hair, and reinserting the hair follicles into the part of the scalp where you are experiencing hair loss.
  2. Follicular unit extraction (FUE): In FUE, hair follicles are removed directly from the scalp and transplanted to the bald parts of the scalp.
Laser treatment: - Laser treatment is thought to reduce the inflammation in follicles that keeps them from regrowing. There are limited studies to support their effectiveness in treating hair loss, but a 2016 review determined that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is safe and effective when used to treat male pattern hair loss. More research is needed.
Quit smoking: - If you’re a smoker, you’ve probably heard about all the negative effects smoking has on your health. But did you know that smoking could cause hair loss on top of facial wrinkles and premature greying of hair? Research has determined that there’s a link between smoking and hair loss. If you want to keep from going bald, it may be a good idea to quit smoking as soon as possible.
Scalp massage: - They can help with your hair loss, too. Massaging the scalp stimulates the hair follicles. In one small study, healthy Japanese men who received four minutes of scalp massage each day for 24 weeks had thicker hair at the end of the study.
Oils: - In the market, there are much more hair oil is available that claims that prevent hair loss there’s some evidence that peppermint oil can help with hair growth. Rosemary oil has also been traditionally used to increase blood circulation on the scalp. A study found that rosemary leaf extract improved hair regrowth in mice. Coconut oil, castor oil, and olive oil are also widely recommended, but research on their benefits for hair growth is limited.
A balanced diet: - A well-balanced diet can keep your hair in tip-top shape. Make sure you are including a variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, unsaturated fats, and lean proteins in your diet, and limit your intake of sweets. Certain vitamins and minerals found in food are associated with healthy hair. Iron-rich foods, including lean beef, beans, green leafy vegetables, iron-fortified grains, and eggs. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such salmon, mackerel, tuna, flax seeds, egg yolks, hemp seeds, and walnuts. High-protein foods, like eggs, lean meats, and seafood.
Onion juice: - 2002 study showed that the use of onion juice as a topical treatment resulted in significantly more regrowth than just tap water in people with patchy alopecia areata.

DR. AMIN I BAYAD

(BHMS)

Saturday, 8 September 2018

What should I eat every day to be healthy?

FOODS TO EAT DAILY

In your mind, you ever thought about What should I eat every day to be healthy? and what are the benefits you are getting from daily food? That question arrived once in your life so that is we discuss and today blog topic is What should I eat every day to be healthy?

We eat lots of foods day by day on daily basis but can you figure out what are the health benefits form that food you eat daily, probably you don't know about this, so in this blog I can suggest you some 8 food to eat daily and what are health benefits you get and I also give some substitute to that food.

1. YOGURT


Various culture claims yogurt as there own creation, but 2000-year-old food health benefits not disputed, There are millions of probiotics organism that serve as reinforcement to the battalions of beneficial bacteria in your body.

Yogurt also helps to boost your immune system and provide protection against cancer.

SUBSTITUTE:- Soy yogurt, Kefir

How to eat:- Yogurt topped with blueberries, walnuts, and honey is the ultimate best breakfast.


2. WALNUTS 


Walnuts are richer in Omega 3 which help in a healthy heart. In walnuts, anti-inflammation polyphenol is present which help to reduce inflammation. it is also protein is present in walnuts that help in muscle building.



SUBSTITUTE:- Almonds, peanuts, pistachios, hazelnuts

How to eat:- sprinkle on top of the salad or chop and add to pancake batter


3. TOMATOES 


Tomatoes are rich in antioxidants lycopene which can help to decrease the risk of bladder, lungs, prostate, skin, stomach cancers. As well as it reduces the risk of coronary artery disease.

SUBSTITUTE:- Red watermelon, Grapefruits, guava, papaya.

How to eat:- With every salad, like ketchup, and in every sabji as tomato paste.


4. SPINACH 


It may be green and leafy. Spinach has reached the source of omega 3 fatty acid, folate, and lutein.
Omega 3 fatty acid help to reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, and osteoporosis. Folate also increases blood flow and helping to protect against age-related sex issue. Lutein that fights with muscular degeneration.

SUBSTITUTE:- Kale, bok choy.

How to eat:- As a salad, add spinach to scrambled egg and drop it our pizza.


5. CARROTS 


Carrots are a rich food of carotenoids which are a fat-soluble compound that helps in reduction in cancer as well as reduce risk and severity of an inflammatory condition such as asthma and rheumatoid arthritis.

SUBSTITUTE:- Sweet potatoes, pumpkin.

How to eat:- Raw baby carrots, with salad, and carrot cake.


6. OATS


Most common healthy food which uses widely and FDA's first seal of approval. They are packed with soluble fiber which lowers the risk of heart disease, also rich in fiber and protein.

SUBSTITUTE:- Quinoa, Flaxseed, wild rice.

How to eat:- Quinoa salad,



7. BLUEBERRIES 


Blueberries have most antioxidants than any other fruits. That's help to prevent cancer, diabetes, and age-related memory changes. Blueberries are also rich in fiber, Vit A and C they help to boost cardiovascular health.

 SUBSTITUTE:- Acai berries, purple grapes, strawberries.

How to eat:- sprinkle two tablespoons ground flaxseed on cereal, salad, and yogurt.


8. BLACK BEANS


Black beans are full of anthocyanins, an antioxidant compound that has been shown to improve the brain function. It is also low in calories and free of saturated fat.

SUBSTITUTE:- Peas, lentils, fava.

How to eat:- Wrap black beans in the breakfast burrito, use both black beans and kidney beans in chili.

so that all about What should I eat everyday to be healthy? if you like my work please let me know in the comment.

DR. AMIN I BAYAD
(BHMS)

Sunday, 2 September 2018

How easy is it to catch tonsillitis?

TONSILLITIS 

Definition:- Tonsillitis is an inflammatory disease of tonsil itself causes by various bacteria and viruses. Tonsillitis is most common diseases in children associated with common cold or flu. 



LOCATION OF TONSIL 

Tonsil is a pair of soft tissue mass located at the rear of the throat and each tonsil composed of tissue similar to a lymph node and covered by pink mucosa. As seen below image



WHAT IS WORK OF TONSIL IN OUR BODY?

Tonsil is part of the lymphatic system and swells in responses of any infection in our body. Tonsil is 1st line defense against illness because they produce white blood cells and help to fight against infection so tonsil is also exposed to the possibilty of being attacked by bacteria and virus. 


CAUSES 

As you know that tonsil is 1st line defense against bacterial or viral they are also susceptible to infection themselves. Most common cause of tonsillitis is a virus, but can sometime it may be bacterial. 

Most common type of virus to infect tonsil are as follow

  • Adenovirus ( common cold and sore throat) 
  • rhinovirus ( common cold)
  • influenza ( flu)
  • Acute respiratory tract infection    
Most common type of bacteria to infect tonsil are as follow

  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia 
  • chlamydia pneumonia 
  • bordetella pertussis 
  •  neisseria gonorrhoeae

TYPE OF TONSILLITIS 

There are mainly three type of  tonsillitis 

  1. Acute tonsillitis 
  2. Reccurent tonsillitis 
  3. Chronic tonsilitis 


SING AND SYMPTOMS 

There are many symptoms associated with tonsillitis such as 
  1. A sore throat and pain while swallowing
  2. Tonsil appear as red and swollen
  3. High-grade fever with chills
  4. A headache and runny nose  
  5. Nausea and vomiting 
  6. Bad breath 

COMPLICATION 

If untreated for a long time the infection may spread to the neighboring organ and cause more complications such as below 

  • An infection of the middle ear and causes Acute otitis media 
  • Quinsy ( collection of pus between tonsil and throat wall
  • Obstructive sleep apnea 

TREATMENT 

There is a wide range of antibiotics available for treatment of tonsillitis. So if you have repeated attacks of tonsillitis than you should consult with your family physician.

Surgery is required when there are repeated attacks of tonsillitis.
  
There are some home remedies which help to treat tonsillitis. Gargling with hot water is the best home treatment for tonsillitis. Sucking throat lozenges may help to reduce the discomfort of the throat.  

DR. AMIN I BAYAD 
(BHMS)