What are the causes of Hair fall?

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

What should I eat everyday to be healthy?

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

Dengue fever: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

Typhoid Fever: Symptoms, treatment, causes, and prevention

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

What are the main causes of kidney stones?

FOR MORE INFORMATION CLICK THE LINK ABOVE.

Saturday, 8 December 2018

Ulcerative colitis: causes, symptoms, and treatment

ULCERATIVE COLITIS


Ulcerative colitis is inflammatory bowel disease in which there is inflammation of the inner lining of large intestine or colon. If inflammation is untreated then there will be a development of ulcer on the inner lining of intestine and colon.



In India, 6.02/100,000 people are suffering from ulcerative colitis according to studies conducted on different Indian state on different time. All through ulcerative colitis is a disease of the western country but nowadays this disease is also seen in Asian countries.

CAUSES OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS

  • An exact cause of ulcerative colitis is unknown as research is going on ulcerative colitis causes. 
  • Perversely diet and stress are suspected of the causes of ulcerative colitis but due to lack of evidence, we cannot say that stress and diet are responsible for ulcerative colitis.
  • Immune system malfunction is one possible cause for ulcerative colitis. Where abnormal immune response causes the immune system to attack cell of the digestive tract.
  • Heredity also plays a role in the development of ulcerative colitis.


RISK FACTOR OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS

  1. AGE: - Begins before age of 30 but can occur at any age.
  2. FAMILY HISTORY: - If your parents or siblings are suffering from ulcerative colitis than you are at higher risk for developing ulcerative colitis.
  3. RACE: - Whites are the higher risk of this disease.


SYMPTOMS OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS

Depending upon the severity of inflammation the symptoms of ulcerative colitis may vary.

  • Abdominal pain (cramping)
  • Diarrhea with blood or pus
  • Rectal bleeding with pain
  • Urgency of defecate
  • Weight loss
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Anorexia
  • Skin sore
  • Dehydration
  • Difficult to hold stool


COMPLICATION OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS

  • Severe bleeding
  • Severe dehydration
  • Perforated colon
  • Osteoporosis
  • Inflammation of skin, joints, and eye
  • Colon cancer
  • Blood clots in veins and arteries


DIAGNOSIS OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS

  1. Blood test: - to check for sing of infection and rule out anemia
  2. Stool test: - White blood cell present in the stool indicate ulcerative colitis.
  3. Colonoscopy: - To view entire colon using a thin, flexible, lightened tube with the attachment of camera and to collect a small sample of tissue for lab analysis.
  4. Sigmoidoscopy: - If the colon is severely inflamed than sigmoidoscopy is necessary.
  5. X-ray: - To see perforated colon
  6. CT-scan: - To suspect complication of ulcerative colitis such as the perforated colon.
  7. MRI: - To find out how deep infection is in colon


TREATMENT OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS

Treatment for ulcerative colitis is depending on the severity of inflammation of the colon and our main goal is to reduce inflammation as soon as possible for further complication.
Treatment for ulcerative colitis is divided into three-part

Diet: - Spicy and high fiber food can worsen symptoms of ulcerative colitis so soft, blend food, is better for ulcerative colitis

Medicine: -
  • Antibiotics: -To heal inflammation caused by bacteria
  • A medicine which helps to reduce inflammation of the colon
  • Immunosuppressive medicine to reduce attack on colon by the immune system
  • Other symptomatic treatments such as an antidiarrheal, analgesic, and iron supplement.


Surgery: -If medicinal management doesn’t work on ulcerative colitis than a doctor may advise removing the colon.


Advice to the patient of ulcerative colitis

  1. Drink a small amount of water
  2. Eat a small amount of meal
  3. Avoid high fiber diet
  4. Avoid fatty food
  5. If lactose intolerance than avoid
  6. Avoid spicy food, alcohol, and caffeine.
  7. Reduce stress by doing daily mild exercise
  8. Regular relaxation and breathing exercise.


Dr. Amin I Bayad
(BHMS)













Monday, 19 November 2018

Asthma : symptoms, causes, and treatment

ASTHMA IN INDIA


Good morning everyone as you know winter is arriving and this season is also called as a healthy season but in some people who have ASTHMA winter will increase their problem from a cough to breathing problem so in this blog we will discuss asthma and their causes, symptoms treatment and prevention.

In India, the asthmatic patient is increasing in number by the report of government. The sale of anti-asthmatic medicine is gone up by 43% over the past few years.

Thirteen of the most world’s 20 most polluted cities are in India as per the data of world health organization. In the air of Delhi, Patna, Gwalior, and Raipur have the highest amount of tiny suspended particle that penetrates deep into the airways of lungs to causes asthma, bronchiectasis heart disease stroke etc.

On the basis of number, about 15 to 20 million people have asthma in India. So this is a brief report on asthma in India now on next heading we will discuss the whole scenario of asthma.

ASTHMA


Definition: - Asthma is an inflammatory condition of the airway of lungs and because of inflammation its make difficult in breathing.


In asthma, inside wall of the airways in lungs can become inflamed and swollen. If there is infection present than membrane in airway lining secret excess mucus so narrowing of airways and mucus secretion can make difficult in breathing cough and wheeze.
Asthma is an incurable disease but we can control it by finding causes and trigger of asthma.   

Causes: -

We cannot say sure about any single cause of asthma but there is a group of factor affecting to lungs and causes asthma to the patient.

  1. Genetics: - if parents have asthma than there is a chance of asthma to their children is high.
  2. Allergens: -frequently contact with the allergen.
  3. Viral infection: - History of viral infection in childhood can lead to asthma in an adolescent.


TRIGGERS OF ASTHMA

There is a certain condition that may trigger asthma and they are as follow
  1. Illness: -Flu and pneumonia can trigger asthma
  2. Emotion: -Too much of laughing, shouting, and crying may trigger an attack of asthma
  3. Weather: -In very high humidity and or low temperature
  4. Exercise: -Increase movement may trigger asthma
  5. Allergens: -Dust mites, pollen, animal tendon, fumes, strong odor, smoke etc. can triggers asthma.


SYMPTOMS OF ASTHMA

Symptoms of asthma may be varying according to cause and triggers of asthma, some common symptoms are as follow.
  • Coughing: -Usually at night or during exercise and laughing.
  • Wheezing: -Whistling sound may hear during breathing
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Tightness in the chest
  • Fatigue


TREATMENT

Treatment of asthma can be dividing into the three categories.
Treatment can be chosen according to the causes and triggers of asthma.

BREATHING EXERCISES
For the asthmatic patient is difficult to breathe so breathing exercise can help to get more air in and out for lung and on a regular basis it can help in increasing lung capacity and relief in the future asthmatic attack.

1st AID TREATMENT
1ST Aid treatment can be used in or during the asthmatic attack for quick relief and it helps you to breathe with ease.
  1. Inhalers and nebulizer use with medicine for quick relief
  2. Bronchodilators which relieve spasm in the lung due to an inflammatory condition of airways.
  3. Anti-inflammatories for treatment of inflamed airways.


LONG TERM ASTHMA CONTROLLERS

For long-term asthma control, we can take medicine on daily to prevent asthmatic symptoms.
This is a very large topic to discuss so we will cover this topic in the separate blog.


SOME HOME REMEDIES FOR ASTHMA

There are some home remedies which may use during the attack of asthma and can make ease of breath, some home remedies are as follow.
  • Coffee: -Coffee act similar as theophylline, so coffee open airways that’s why its use for the asthmatic patient for ease of breathing.
  • Mustard oil: -Can apply directly to the skin and give massage over the chest to open airways.
  • Essential oils: -Inhaling some essential can ease in breathing  



There is some many more information on asthma but I cover only some point for easy to understand. India is second on rank for the asthmatic patient after China. So this is all about brief knowledge of asthma in India and asthma cause sing symptoms and treatment.

DR. AMIN I BAYAD (BHMS)










Sunday, 14 October 2018

what should i eat in diabetes?

Good morning friends in the last blog we discuss diabetes in all aspects its causes, types, symptoms, and treatment and diabetes is a non-treatable disease so controlling blood sugar level and prevention of further complication due to high blood sugar level. In diabetes diet and exercise is a very important factor in controlling blood sugar level so, in this blog, we discuss what should you eat in diabetes?

There are lots of fruits, foods, and spices are available and have a lot of health benefits. In today’s blog, we discuss 10 foods that you don’t miss if you have diabetes. We often take some food on regular basis but we don’t know about that foods nutritious value, so in this blog here is present what should you eat in diabetes?

 
WHAT SHOULD YOU EAT IN DIABETES?




1. EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL: -

Extra virgin olive oil is very useful for lowering blood glucose level and also good for heart health.

There is many more fats are available but only olive oil fats are good for reducing heart disease.

olive oil also contains an antioxidant called as polyphenol, which helps in reducing inflammation and protect the cell lining of blood vessels. This antioxidant also decreases the blood sugar level.


2. YOGURT

Yogurt is a very good dairy product and has many more health benefits as we already discussed in the previous blog check out this health benefits of yogurt 

Yogurt contains probiotic which help in controlling blood sugar level and reduces the heart risk 

yogurt also have protein which helps in weight loss


3. NUTS

We all consume nuts on every day but should you know about health benefits of all the nuts, nuts are delicious but also has wonderful nutritious value. 

When we consume nuts every day that help in regulate blood sugar level and also reduce inflammation

There is some research is conducted on 30 diabetic people in there diet we add 30gm of walnut for the year and they get benefits of weight loss, improvement in body consumption and marked decrease in glucose level in blood.


4. TURMERIC

Turmeric is widely used for its health benefits and one type of spices. 

Turmeric contains curcumin which helps in reducing inflammation and lowering blood sugar level curcumin also reduce heart disease risk.

turmeric can be consumed with black paper for better absorption so we can take maximum health benefits of turmeric.




5. CHIA SEED

Chia seed is well known for weight management or weight loss but chia seed also has benefits of diabetes because chia seed contains high fiber.

The fiber in chia seed help in lowering blood sugar level by decrease peristalsis movement 
for better absorption.

The fiber of chia seed also help in the management of weight loss because of that fiber can reduce the feeling of hunger. 

Chia seed also decreases the inflammation and blood pressure.



6. STRAWBERRIES

There are lots of nutritious fruits are available but strawberries are one of the most nutritious fruits.

The red color of strawberries is due to high antioxidant in it. this antioxidant knows as anthocyanin.

Anthocyanin has health benefits of reducing blood sugar level and reduce heart disease risk 



7. EGGS

Eggs have wonderful health benefits because of eggs are high in protein level that keeps you full.

Eggs health benefits are improved insulin sensitivity, decrease inflammation and reduce bad LDL level in the blood.

If diabetics person consume 2 eggs daily as high protein diet has marked an improvement in cholesterol and blood sugar level.

Eggs are also the best source of antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin which protects eyes from diseases.


8. CINNAMON

Cinnamon is also used for its health benefits and we also use as spices in our foods. Cinnamon has also reached in antioxidants.

Antioxidants of cinnamon help in lowering blood sugar level and improve insulin sensitivity.

Cinnamon also reduce cholesterol and triglyceride level.

Most important fact is that do not take cinnamon is high dose because that affect our health system.


9. GREEN LEAFY 

Green leafy vegetables as you know are highly nutritious and also low in calories.

Green leafy vegetables are a good source of several vitamin and minerals.

Green leafy vegetables also contain antioxidant lutein and zeaxanthin which protect the eye from muscular degeneration and cataract this both are the complications of diabetes.


10. FATTY FISH 

Fish are the healthiest as well as nutritious food on earth.

Fatty fish are a good source of omega 3 fatty acid, DHA, EPA  Which has major health benefits. 

DHA and EPA protect blood vessels and reduce inflammation.

There are lots of studies are shown that fatty fish lower the risk of heart failure.

Fish is also a great source of protein which helps to improve your metabolism.


So this is all about what sould you eat when you have diabetes? there are also lots of foods are missed for its health benefits but we cover it in our future blogs.

DR. AMIN I BAYAD
(BHMS)






















Friday, 5 October 2018

Diabetes: types, symptoms, causes, and treatment

DIABETES: TYPES, SYMPTOMS, CAUSES, AND TREATMENT


Diabetes is the chronic medical condition caused by insufficient production as well as secretion of insulin from the pancreas in case of Type 1 diabetes which also know as Insulin-dependent Diabetes Mellitus. In Type 2 Diabetes There will be a defective response to insulin which is also known as Noninsulin-dependent diabetes Mellitus.
    

Work of insulin (a hormone produced by the pancreas ) is to control the blood sugar level in the body. After we consume food the blood glucose level is increasing and then insulin is released from the pancreas and controls the glucose level of blood but in case of diabetes, there will be absence or insufficient production of insulin that causes hyperglycemia(increased blood sugar level).

DIABETES IN INDIA 


Diabetes is India's fastest growing disease about 72 million cases recorded till 2017 and this will be double in 2025 diabetes cases in India. this is a serious public health challenge to the country. 

According to the report of the Indian Council for medical research and institute for health metrics and evaluation that diabetes prevalence has increased by 64 percent cases in India.

According to the world health organization featured a sheet on diabetes an estimated 3.4 million death is caused by high blood sugar. that organization also estimated that 80 percents of diabetes deaths occur in low and middle-class income countries and in between 2016 to 2030 deaths due to diabetes may be an increase in double.

In India 2010 about 51 million people are recorded for diabetes and in future 2030 it may be increased to about 87 million. 


TYPE OF DIABETES 

  1. TYPE 1 DIABETES is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes and its developed in children adolescent and young adult so that's why type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes. About 80 percent person is living with type 1 diabetes in an adult. A healthy pancreas produces insulin(hormone) but in type 1 diabetes person pancreas doesn't produce any insulin so with the absence of insulin-glucose level is the increase in body and causing high blood sugar level or hyperglycemia.
  2. TYPE 2 DIABETES is also known as non-insulin dependent diabetes. In type 2 diabetes pancreas work well and also produce enough insulin for the body but there is the problem of response to insulin from the body and leads to increase glucose level in the body(hyperglycemia).
  3. GESTATIONAL DIABETES:- In pregnancy, some women develop high blood sugar level in the body and leads to hyperglycemia that condition called as gestational diabetes.

CAUSES OF DIABETES 

TYPE 1 DIABETES is an autoimmune condition that destroys the beta cell of the pancreas by our immune system and this damage is permanent.

TYPE 2 DIABETES in this pancreas is normal and also secretion of insulin is also normal but the response to the insulin is not properly done by our body so that's why blood sugar level is increased. There is some factor which is also responsible for developing type 2 diabetes.
  • GENETIC
  • LACK OF EXERCISE 
  • OVERWEIGHT
  • OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL REASON 
GESTATIONAL DIABETES During pregnancy there will be a lot of hormone imbalance occur so that's why there is also an imbalance of insulin and mother developed gestational diabetes.


SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES

GENERAL SYMPTOMS ARE AS FOLLOW 
  • EXCESSIVE THIRST AND HUNGER
  • FREQUENT URINATION
  • DRY AND ITCHY SKIN
  • BLURR VISSION
  • SLOW HEALING WOUND

In type 1 diabetes weight loss occurs and one serious condition ketoacidosis will form if diabetes is poorly controlled.

In type 2 diabetes can causes dark patches in folds of skin.


COMPLICATION

The complication in diabetes occurs due to poor control blood glucose level and can increase the risk of the serious complication that may be life-threatening. 
  • RETINOPATHY( PROBLEM IN RYE VISSION)
  • VESSEL DISEASE ( HEART ATTACK OR STROCK)
  • NEUROPATHY (NERVE DAMAGE)
  • INFECTION OR SKIN CONDITION
  • ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE
IN GESTATIONAL DIABETES
  • HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE 
  • PREECLAMPSIA 
  • MISCARRIES
  • BIRTH DEFECT

PREVENTION OF DIABETES

Type 1 diabetes is an Autoimmune disease which cannot be prevented so there are no any preventive measures for type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes can be prevented if we change our lifestyle and diet.
  • CONTROL YOUR WEIGHT & MAINTAIN
  • DIET
  • EXERCISE REGULARLY 
  • AVOID SMOKING
  • CONTROL LIPID PROFILE 

TREATMENT OF DIABETES 

We cannot completely treat diabetes but control the sugar level for further complication and live a healthy life with help of your doctor. In diabetes treatment plan our main goal is to control blood sugar level within limits according to which type of diabetes you have.

TYPE 1 DIABETES TREATMENT

In type 1 diabetes pancreas is damage permanently so there will be no any production of insulin occur so for the patient of type 1 diabetes must take insulin to live.

Insulin is directly injected under skin your doctor can teach you to use of insulin pump so you can easily give shoot of the insulin pump in at home.

TYPE 2 DIABETES TREATMENT

Type 2 diabetes managed by diet and exercise and there is some medicine are also available for controlling blood sugar level. Choice of medicine depends on your blood glucose level. Your doctor very well knows which medicine should prescribe in that particular range of blood sugar level.

In both types of diabetes, you should monitor blood sugar level.


FINAL WORD

So this is all about diabetes and its causes, symptoms, prevention, and treatment. With the help of your doctor, you can manage all the three type of diabetes easily and can live a healthy life without any complication.




DR. AMIN I BAYAD

(BHMS)

Saturday, 22 September 2018

Swine flu: Causes, symptoms, and treatment

SWINE FLU: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, AND TREATMENT


Good morning everyone in this blog we discuss swine flu: Causes, symptoms, and treatment as you know from the title. Swine flu outbreak comes all over the world in 2009 that may have killed more than 2, 03,000 people worldwide that are 10 times higher than the thought. The number of the deaths are much higher than expected in swine flu outbreak



Swine flu terms refer to influenza in pig so, pig transmits influenza virus to person, mainly to farmer and veterinaries and then after human to human transmission spread.

WHO declared swine flu (h1n1) pandemic over in August 2010 but it can spread during flu season like another flu virus. H1N1 is the subtype of the influenza virus. It’s also come from different subtype H1N2, H3N1, H3N2, and many more.

DEFINITION: - Swine flu is an infection caused by several types of swine influenza virus like H1N1, H1N2, H2N1, H3N1, H3N2, and H2N3. Swine flu was initially seen in human in Mexico in 2009 and rest of the history you know very well (swine flu outbreak 2009).


HOW SWINE FLU VIRUS SPREAD?

There is mainly two type of spread that occurs 1. Contact with infected pigs and 2. Is Contact with an infected human.

1 CONTACT WITH INFECTED PIGS: - Any contact with an infected pig is more common to catch virus for the people who have pigs in there farm or veterinaries.

2 CONTACT WITH INFECTED HUMANS: - If the person has swine flu virus than their family or especially for those in close contact are more like to catch swine flu virus. This always occurs in a closed group of people.


WHAT IS THE RISK FACTOR TO CATCH SWINE FLU?

  • AGE: - Over 65 years and children under 5 years
  • DISEASE: -1.The chronic disease like AIDS 2.Chronic illness such as asthma, Heart disease, Diabetes mellitus, and neuromuscular disease.
  • PREGNANT WOMEN
  • The teenager who receiving long-term aspirin therapy
  • Decrease immune system


WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF SWINE FLU?

Symptoms of swine flu are similar to other seasonal flu.
  • A SORE THROAT
  • A HEADACHE
  • FEVER
  • A COUGH
  • FEVER AND CHILLS
  • A RUNNY NOSE
  • BODY ACHES
  • WATERY RED EYE
  • TIREDNESS
  • DIARRHEOA


HOW TO DIAGNOSE SWINE FLU?

There is a similarity between seasonal and swine flu because most of the symptoms are as same as each other. Lab test is the only way to differentiate flu.

Test for the swine flu is a swab test of your nose or around the back of the throat.


HOW TO PREVENT SPREAD OF SWINE FLU?

Prevention is much more important than treatment of swine flu. There is some simple step to prevent swine flu to spread from person to person.

  1. Washing hands regularly with hand sanitizer.
  2. Don’t touch your eyes, nose, and mouth without washing hand.
  3. Avoid mass gathering when swine flu is in season.
  4. If you are a sick stay at home and take leave from work and school.
  5. Take plenty of fluid and bed rest.
  6. VACCINATION there is a vaccine for common flu which is also protect against H1N1 SWINE FLU You can get as a shot or as a nasal spray.


WHAT ARE THE TREATMENT FOR SWINE FLU?

There are mainly three antiviral drugs are available for swine flu which is oseltamivir, peramivir, and zanamivir seem to work best. Antibiotics won’t help to do anything for the treatment because the flu is caused by the virus.

Other symptomatic relief by analgesic, antipyretic, and some anti-cold are given according to symptoms.

There is some important prevention which we discuss in this blog on the section on how to prevent swine flu are also applicable for disease person to prevent further spread.

so this all about Swine flu: Causes, symptoms, and treatment if you want to add some information please let me know in the comment box below. so bye bye stay healthy stay fit. 



DR. AMIN I BAYAD
(BHMS)


   









Friday, 14 September 2018

What are the causes of Hair fall?

HAIR FALL


Good morning everyone, in this blog we discuss hair fall which is most common in man as well as women or even in children nowadays. Have you ever know that why your hairs are falling out? So in this blog, we discuss the What are the causes of Hair fall? and its treatment and how to prevent hair loss.


As you know hair grows everywhere on the skin except on the palms of our and hands and soles of our foot. Hair is made up of a protein called as keratin that is produced in hair follicle in the outer layer of skin. Most common causes for the hair fall are diet, lifestyle, and many more which we will discuss in this blog. A common type of hair fall is known as alopecia which means 100 hair falls per day.


TYPE OF HAIR FALLS


ALOPECIA ARETA: - This is the most common type of hair fall in young adult and children. Alopecia areta starts suddenly and causes patchy hair loss. This condition results in baldness

TRICHOFILLOMANIA: - This is psychological disorder in which person pull out own hair.

ANDROGENIC ALOPECIA: - This is the genetic disorder that affects both men as well as women. Men with the condition called as male pattern baldness that suffering hair loss as early as 20’s. Women with this condition called as female pattern baldness in this women experience general thinning of hair over the entire scalp, with the most extensive hair loss at the crown.

INVOLUTIONAL ALOPECIA: - This is a natural condition in which hair become thins with age. Hair follicle goes into the resting phase and remaining hair follicle become shorter and less in number.

ALOPECIA UNIVERSALIS: - In this condition hair fall from all over the body including eyebrows, eyelashes, and pubic hair.

TELOGEN ELFLUVIUM: - In this condition, there is temporary thinning of hair over the scalp that’s occurring because of changes in the growth cycle of hair. There is a large number of hairs follicle enter into the resting phase at the same time.

SCARING ALOPECIA: - In this condition, there is permanent loss of hair because of inflammatory condition such as cellulitis folliculitis acne and other skin diseases. That condition resulting in scar and destroys the ability of the hair regenerate.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF HAIR FALL?



  • GENES From parents to children
  • HORMONES Abnormal level of androgen
  • STRESS this is most common causes of hair fall
  • ILLNESS Such as inflammatory condition or fungal infection
  • PREGNANCY Because of disharmony in hormone during pregnancy
  • DRUGS Chemotherapy drug for cancer, Beta-adrenergic blocker drugs, and Birth control pill.
  • INJURIES Burn can cause temporary hair loss. In that case, normal hair growth usually returns when the injured part heals and if the scar is not present.
  • AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE may cause the alopecia in this the immune system rev up for an unknown reason and affect the hair follicle.
  • DIET As you know hair is made up of protein so low protein diet can cause the temporary hair fall.
  • MEDICAL CONDITION there are many diseases can cause hair fall such as thyroid, lupus, diabetes, iron deficiency anemia but the hair fall is temporary because when the underlying disease is treated well then the hair will return.
  • COSMETIC PRODUCT too often uses of shampoo, perms, bleaching and dying hair can contribute overall hair thinning by making hair weak and brittle.

SING AND SYMPTOMS

In Men and Women

  • Thinning of hair on the scalp
  • Resending hairline
  • In men, horse-shoe shaped pattern hair fall occurs that leaves the crown of the exposed.
  • In women general thinning especially at the crown of the head.
In Children and Young adult

  • Sudden loss of patchy of hair
  • Complete loss of all hair from the body
  • Patches of broken hair and incomplete hair loss on the scalp.

HOW CAN I PREVENT HAIR LOSS?

I give some advice which you can follow and prevent your hair loss.

CHOOSE PRODUCT WISELY  Use the shampoo that designed for your hair type, when curling your hair chose less damaging sponge roller and use a brush which less tear your hair.

GO NATURAL Leave your hair its natural curl or texture, and give time to recovers between two treatments to grow new hair follicle.

BRUSH PROPERLY using a proper brush, apply full stroke from scalp to the tips of your hair to distribute the hair nature oil. Be gentle and avoid brushing your hair when wet.

TREATMENT

DRUGS: - There are some drugs that are approved for hair fall 1. Minoxidil (Rogaine): Rogaine is available over the counter as a liquid or foam. Apply it to the scalp twice a day to grow hair and prevent hair loss. 2. Finasteride (Propecia, Proscar): This is a pill that you take daily. It’s only available with a prescription from your doctor.
Hair transplants: - The two most popular hair transplant procedures are follicular unit transplantation and follicular unit extraction but both surgeries are very expensive.

  1. Follicular unit transplantation (FUT): FUT is the more “classic” method. It involves removing some skin from the back of your scalp, where there is an abundance of hair, and reinserting the hair follicles into the part of the scalp where you are experiencing hair loss.
  2. Follicular unit extraction (FUE): In FUE, hair follicles are removed directly from the scalp and transplanted to the bald parts of the scalp.
Laser treatment: - Laser treatment is thought to reduce the inflammation in follicles that keeps them from regrowing. There are limited studies to support their effectiveness in treating hair loss, but a 2016 review determined that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is safe and effective when used to treat male pattern hair loss. More research is needed.
Quit smoking: - If you’re a smoker, you’ve probably heard about all the negative effects smoking has on your health. But did you know that smoking could cause hair loss on top of facial wrinkles and premature greying of hair? Research has determined that there’s a link between smoking and hair loss. If you want to keep from going bald, it may be a good idea to quit smoking as soon as possible.
Scalp massage: - They can help with your hair loss, too. Massaging the scalp stimulates the hair follicles. In one small study, healthy Japanese men who received four minutes of scalp massage each day for 24 weeks had thicker hair at the end of the study.
Oils: - In the market, there are much more hair oil is available that claims that prevent hair loss there’s some evidence that peppermint oil can help with hair growth. Rosemary oil has also been traditionally used to increase blood circulation on the scalp. A study found that rosemary leaf extract improved hair regrowth in mice. Coconut oil, castor oil, and olive oil are also widely recommended, but research on their benefits for hair growth is limited.
A balanced diet: - A well-balanced diet can keep your hair in tip-top shape. Make sure you are including a variety of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, unsaturated fats, and lean proteins in your diet, and limit your intake of sweets. Certain vitamins and minerals found in food are associated with healthy hair. Iron-rich foods, including lean beef, beans, green leafy vegetables, iron-fortified grains, and eggs. Foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such salmon, mackerel, tuna, flax seeds, egg yolks, hemp seeds, and walnuts. High-protein foods, like eggs, lean meats, and seafood.
Onion juice: - 2002 study showed that the use of onion juice as a topical treatment resulted in significantly more regrowth than just tap water in people with patchy alopecia areata.

DR. AMIN I BAYAD

(BHMS)

Saturday, 8 September 2018

What should I eat every day to be healthy?

FOODS TO EAT DAILY

In your mind, you ever thought about What should I eat every day to be healthy? and what are the benefits you are getting from daily food? That question arrived once in your life so that is we discuss and today blog topic is What should I eat every day to be healthy?

We eat lots of foods day by day on daily basis but can you figure out what are the health benefits form that food you eat daily, probably you don't know about this, so in this blog I can suggest you some 8 food to eat daily and what are health benefits you get and I also give some substitute to that food.

1. YOGURT


Various culture claims yogurt as there own creation, but 2000-year-old food health benefits not disputed, There are millions of probiotics organism that serve as reinforcement to the battalions of beneficial bacteria in your body.

Yogurt also helps to boost your immune system and provide protection against cancer.

SUBSTITUTE:- Soy yogurt, Kefir

How to eat:- Yogurt topped with blueberries, walnuts, and honey is the ultimate best breakfast.


2. WALNUTS 


Walnuts are richer in Omega 3 which help in a healthy heart. In walnuts, anti-inflammation polyphenol is present which help to reduce inflammation. it is also protein is present in walnuts that help in muscle building.



SUBSTITUTE:- Almonds, peanuts, pistachios, hazelnuts

How to eat:- sprinkle on top of the salad or chop and add to pancake batter


3. TOMATOES 


Tomatoes are rich in antioxidants lycopene which can help to decrease the risk of bladder, lungs, prostate, skin, stomach cancers. As well as it reduces the risk of coronary artery disease.

SUBSTITUTE:- Red watermelon, Grapefruits, guava, papaya.

How to eat:- With every salad, like ketchup, and in every sabji as tomato paste.


4. SPINACH 


It may be green and leafy. Spinach has reached the source of omega 3 fatty acid, folate, and lutein.
Omega 3 fatty acid help to reduce the risk of heart disease, stroke, and osteoporosis. Folate also increases blood flow and helping to protect against age-related sex issue. Lutein that fights with muscular degeneration.

SUBSTITUTE:- Kale, bok choy.

How to eat:- As a salad, add spinach to scrambled egg and drop it our pizza.


5. CARROTS 


Carrots are a rich food of carotenoids which are a fat-soluble compound that helps in reduction in cancer as well as reduce risk and severity of an inflammatory condition such as asthma and rheumatoid arthritis.

SUBSTITUTE:- Sweet potatoes, pumpkin.

How to eat:- Raw baby carrots, with salad, and carrot cake.


6. OATS


Most common healthy food which uses widely and FDA's first seal of approval. They are packed with soluble fiber which lowers the risk of heart disease, also rich in fiber and protein.

SUBSTITUTE:- Quinoa, Flaxseed, wild rice.

How to eat:- Quinoa salad,



7. BLUEBERRIES 


Blueberries have most antioxidants than any other fruits. That's help to prevent cancer, diabetes, and age-related memory changes. Blueberries are also rich in fiber, Vit A and C they help to boost cardiovascular health.

 SUBSTITUTE:- Acai berries, purple grapes, strawberries.

How to eat:- sprinkle two tablespoons ground flaxseed on cereal, salad, and yogurt.


8. BLACK BEANS


Black beans are full of anthocyanins, an antioxidant compound that has been shown to improve the brain function. It is also low in calories and free of saturated fat.

SUBSTITUTE:- Peas, lentils, fava.

How to eat:- Wrap black beans in the breakfast burrito, use both black beans and kidney beans in chili.

so that all about What should I eat everyday to be healthy? if you like my work please let me know in the comment.

DR. AMIN I BAYAD
(BHMS)

Sunday, 2 September 2018

How easy is it to catch tonsillitis?

TONSILLITIS 

Definition:- Tonsillitis is an inflammatory disease of tonsil itself causes by various bacteria and viruses. Tonsillitis is most common diseases in children associated with common cold or flu. 



LOCATION OF TONSIL 

Tonsil is a pair of soft tissue mass located at the rear of the throat and each tonsil composed of tissue similar to a lymph node and covered by pink mucosa. As seen below image



WHAT IS WORK OF TONSIL IN OUR BODY?

Tonsil is part of the lymphatic system and swells in responses of any infection in our body. Tonsil is 1st line defense against illness because they produce white blood cells and help to fight against infection so tonsil is also exposed to the possibilty of being attacked by bacteria and virus. 


CAUSES 

As you know that tonsil is 1st line defense against bacterial or viral they are also susceptible to infection themselves. Most common cause of tonsillitis is a virus, but can sometime it may be bacterial. 

Most common type of virus to infect tonsil are as follow

  • Adenovirus ( common cold and sore throat) 
  • rhinovirus ( common cold)
  • influenza ( flu)
  • Acute respiratory tract infection    
Most common type of bacteria to infect tonsil are as follow

  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Mycoplasma pneumonia 
  • chlamydia pneumonia 
  • bordetella pertussis 
  •  neisseria gonorrhoeae

TYPE OF TONSILLITIS 

There are mainly three type of  tonsillitis 

  1. Acute tonsillitis 
  2. Reccurent tonsillitis 
  3. Chronic tonsilitis 


SING AND SYMPTOMS 

There are many symptoms associated with tonsillitis such as 
  1. A sore throat and pain while swallowing
  2. Tonsil appear as red and swollen
  3. High-grade fever with chills
  4. A headache and runny nose  
  5. Nausea and vomiting 
  6. Bad breath 

COMPLICATION 

If untreated for a long time the infection may spread to the neighboring organ and cause more complications such as below 

  • An infection of the middle ear and causes Acute otitis media 
  • Quinsy ( collection of pus between tonsil and throat wall
  • Obstructive sleep apnea 

TREATMENT 

There is a wide range of antibiotics available for treatment of tonsillitis. So if you have repeated attacks of tonsillitis than you should consult with your family physician.

Surgery is required when there are repeated attacks of tonsillitis.
  
There are some home remedies which help to treat tonsillitis. Gargling with hot water is the best home treatment for tonsillitis. Sucking throat lozenges may help to reduce the discomfort of the throat.  

DR. AMIN I BAYAD 
(BHMS)

Monday, 20 August 2018

Dengue fever: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

DENGUE FEVER


DEFINITION: - Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne disease caused by four different viruses is that Dengue virus 1, 2, 3 and 4 and spread by Aedes mosquito which is found all over the world. The onset of the symptoms usually starts 4 to 7 days after the mosquito bite.



There is some research is on-going for developing the dengue vaccine. In some country vaccine for dengue fever are commercially available (the Philippines and Indonesia). So for the prevention of dengue fever, there is some method of preventing which we discuss in the separate heading in this blog.

There is gradually increasing in a number of dengue fever in India. Dengue fever in India 1st reported in Madras in 1780 and the 1st outbreak occurred in Calcutta in 1963. In India, dengue fever is more dangerous because there is lack of knowledge of sanitation and how to avoid further developing of dengue viruses and most common causes are that there are lots of open collection of water which are non-medicated that’s why there is friendly nature to produce more Aedes mosquito. So that’s why the spread of dengue virus is easy.


PATHOPHYSIOLOGY: - In this section, I will tell you how the dengue virus entre in our body and spread in a simple easy way to understand in a numerological way.

1.       1. Aedes mosquito with viruses bite person.

2.       2. Viruses enter in the skin with the saliva of mosquito.

3.      3. Both bind (viruses + saliva) and enter in white blood cell (WBC).

4.      4. In WBC they reproduce (increase number of viruses) while moving throughout the body.

5.      5. WBC respond by producing protein cells ( cytokines and interferons which are responsible for symptoms like fever and pain in the body)

6.      6. If treatment does not start at this stage than virus production increase greatly and more organs are affected and this is life-threatening.


SING AND SYMPTOMS: - Incubation period (time between exposure and onset of symptoms) 3 to 14 days

  • Fever (sudden onset)
  • A headache (behind eyes)
  • Muscle pain
  • Rush


There are three phase of sing and symptoms

The febrile phage: -In this phage, there is high-grade fever (40°C/104°F) and generalized body pain, headache, nausea, and vomiting are commonly present. Rush occur in 50 to 80% of cases. Rush resemble like measles describes an island of white in a sea of red. There is also mild bleeding occur in the mucous membrane of mouth and nose.

The critical phage: -In this phage, there is leakage of plasma from blood vessels resulting in fluid accumulation in the chest and abdominal cavity and decrease the volume of fluids from circulation decrease that’s why blood supply to the vital organ is decreased and that leads to organ dysfunction and severe bleeding. In this phage shock and hemorrhage occur in less than 5% of cases.

Recovery Phage: -In this phage, improvement is often striking and can be accompanied by itching and slow heart rate. There is also a feeling of fatigue.





Diagnosis

  • CBC (decrease platelet count)
  • Serological test for dengue ( IgG IgM)



PREVENTION

In dengue fever WHO recommended these five elements for integrated vector control program.

1. Advocacy, social mobilization and legislation to ensure public health bodies and community strengthened

2. Collaboration between health and other sectors.

3. An integrated approach to disease control to maximize use of resources.

4. Evidence-based decision making to ensure any intervention is targeted appropriately.

5. Capacity-building to ensure an adequate response to the local situation.

In short, reduce the open collection of water and if this is not possible than treat water with insecticides and biological control agents. Generalized spraying with organophosphate insecticides may help. Reducing open collection of water is best for controlling further spread of viruses. People can prevent of mosquito biting from wearing full sleeves shirts and pants, using mosquito net during rest. So this is some method to prevent dengue fever.


Vaccination

In Philippines and Indonesia, there is dengue vaccine is available for commercial use in 2006 and its cost about 207 us dollar (approx. 14466.20 rupees)
June 15 is celebrated as international anti-dengue day. Purpose of this celebration is to aware public about this fever and how to control.


TREATMENT

There is no any specific anti-viral drug for dengue fever. Most important is to maintain body fluid and symptomatic treatment. If you have high-grade fever than please consult your family physician for further treatment and diagnosis.

DR. AMIN I BAYAD
(BHMS)  










   
  


Wednesday, 15 August 2018

Typhoid Fever: Symptoms, treatment, causes, and prevention

TYPHOID FEVER


DEFINITION: - Typhoid fever is a systemic infectious disease caused by the bacterium Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi also known as s. typhi. Salmonella enterica serotype paratyphi( s. paratyphi) A, B, C cause the clinically similar condition known as paratyphoid. Typhoid and paratyphoid fever collectively referred to as enteric fever.

The contagious nature of the disease and incriminated faecally contaminated water sources in transmission was described by William Budd in 1873.


EPIDEMIOLOGY

India the typhoid fever is a major public health problem because of poor sanitation, lack of safe drinking water supply and low socioeconomic condition. That’s why in India there is lots of case of typhoid fever. The typhoid fever is usually observed throughout the year.

Age group: - mainly affect children and young adults

Gender: - more common in a male. As female are chronic carriers.

Socioeconomic factor: - Typhoid fever is a disease of poverty and associated with inadequate sanitation facilities and unsafe water supplies.


MODE OF TRANSMISSION

Typhoid fever is transmitted by the fecal-oral route, via contaminated food and water. Occasionally health care workers can acquire the disease from infected patients.


AETIOPATHOLOGY

I have lots of information regarding this section but as our motto is to explain in easy understand so I will briefly explain how bacteria enter in our bloodstream and produce typhoid fever as below,

S. Typhi is ingested with food and water (both contaminated).

Passes through the stomach and invade gut epithelium

In the small intestine invade and translocate to an intestinal lymphoid follicle
 
Some pass on to reticuloendothelial cells of liver and spleen

In the liver and spleen, they multiply

After 7 to 14 days of incubation clinical conditions such as fever appear


CLINICAL FEATURES

Prolonged fever: - initially low grade, rises progressively, and by the second week is often high and sustained. Continues fever rising in step-ladder fashion is observed
Fever including chills, headache, anorexia, cough, weakness, sore throat, dizziness, muscle pain and abdominal pain.

There are some physical sing present in typhoid fever such as coated tongue, tender abdomen, hepatomegaly and/or splenomegaly may be found.


In some patient at the end of 1st week small maculopapular, blanching and erythematous rush typically on trunk and chest may be seen.

Constipation may present in some patient


DIAGNOSIS

Typhoid should be considered in any patient with prolonged unexplained fever with an appearance of a rose spot.
Complete blood count
Widal test is the best serological test to diagnose typhoid fever


COMPLICATION

The commonest complication is as follow
Intestinal perforation
Gastrointestinal hemorrhage
Typhoid encephalopathy


PROGNOSIS

When untreated the fever persists for 2 weeks or more and defervescence occurs slowly over the following 2 to 3 weeks. Death occurs in between 10% to 30%  of an untreated patient following complication.


PREVENTION

We can prevent typhoid fever by improving sanitation, ensuring the safety of food and water supplies, identification and treatment of chronic carries of s.typhi, and use of typhoid vaccines to reduce the susceptibility of the host to infection.

Vaccination is recommended for use in travelers to endemic areas, for household contact of typhoid carries, and laboratory workers.
There are two type of vaccine available for typhoid fever
1 Parenteral Vi polysaccharide vaccine.
2 Oral Vaccine ( S. Typhi strain Ty21a is live attenuated oral vaccine)


TREAMENT

General Management

Supportive measures such as adequate rest, tepid bath and sponging, appropriate nutrition and diet, all are important in the management of typhoid fever.

Anti-microbial therapy

There are many medicines to treat typhoid fever but without consultation with your family physician, you cannot use any antibiotics. If you have high-grade fever since 7 to 10 days without any relief in symptoms please consult your family physician for proper treatment


Dr. Amin I Bayad
(BHMS)